Sydney sank after a naval battle with the German ship Kormoran off the coast of Western Australia. Based on the Oliver Hazard Perry class design, Canberra was one of four Adelaide class ships constructed in the United States of America, and one of six to serve in the RAN.. Accompanying Canberra to the depths of Ironbottom Sound were the bodies of nine officers and 64 men - the first of a total of 84 personnel who would die as a result of what is now known as the "Battle of Savo Island". When this ship was commissioned in the RAN in April 1943, her crew included a nucleus of men who were survivors of Canberra. The Australian War Memorial acknowledges the traditional custodians of country throughout Australia. HMAS Canberra (D33), a County-class cruiser launched in 1927 and sunk after the Battle of Savo Island in 1942. This allied group comprised Canberra and USS Chicago, along with several destroyers. 84 crew lost their lives when the ship sunk on 9 August 1942. If this could be accomplished, Japan had no need to invade and conquer Australia, since this country could be largely isolated and its usefulness as a base for an allied fight-back effectively neutralised. Having brushed aside this first defensive group, Mikawa's ships steamed on by to engage a second force which had been sighted some ten kilometres away covering the northern passage around Savo Island. In 1941, the H.M.A.S. *** HMAS CANBERRA (2) FFG-02 from the 21st of March 1981 until Decomissioning on the 12th of November 2005. Within minutes the ship's port side was smothered by at least 27 hits, leaving her on fire amidships. Japanese shells and torpedoes also damaged Chicago, and although this was nothing compared to the devastation caused to Canberra, it was enough to render the American cruiser ineffectual. The Canberra as the lead ship of the screening force was the first to be attacked and received the full force of the Japanese barrage. *** At 8:00am scuttled by destroyers USS Ellet (DD-398) and USS Selfridge (DD-357) that fired over 260 rounds of 5" shells and several torpedoes into her. Perpetuating the Canberra name was a new heavy cruiser which the Americans decided to name for her as a special tribute. Prompting the allied operation, called "Watchtower", was the urgent need to seize control of a major airfield on the northern shores of Guadalcanal which occupying Japanese forces were building. In the darkness of the early hours of the morning of 9 August 1942 the RAN heavy cruiser HMAS Canberra was severely damaged off Guadalcanal (Solomon Islands) in a surprise attack by a powerful Japanese naval force in an action that became known as the Battle of Savo Island. In 1981 the RAN received its own namesake of the original Canberra, in the form of a guided missile frigate of the US-built Oliver Hazard Perry class. But today we recall the events of sixty years ago, when Australia – with our American allies – were confronted with the stern test of meeting a skilful, determined and brave adversary. Come and see why. In the stricken Australian cruiser, assistance was received from the American destroyers Patterson and Blue, which took off survivors and the wounded, and helped fight the fires that raged on board. In a solemn sunrise ceremony in the seas of the Solomon Islands, 84 members of HMAS Canberra held tiny wooden crosses bearing the names of the 84 crew who lost their lives in a World War II naval battle fought there by the ship’s namesake. This exhibition marks the 60th anniversary of the sinking of HMAS Armidale.An important yet neglected episode in Australia's wartime history, the tragic story of the Armidale combines themes of bravery, sacrifice, and endurance. Good afternoon, ladies and gentlemen. Sinking History Afterwards, USN Rear Admiral R. K. Turner ordered that if Canberra could not steam by 6:30am, she would have to be abandoned and scuttled. Accordingly, it fell to other US destroyers, Selfridge and Ellet, to send her to the bottom. HMAS Canberra (FFG 02), an Adelaide -class guided missile frigate launched in 1978, decommissioned in 2005, and scuttled as a dive wreck in 2009. The FFG was the second RAN ship to bear the name HMAS Canberra. The two ships sank when, on 19 November 1941 they were involved in an unexpected and disastrous clash. However, despite this significant setback landing operations at Guadalcanal continued. Canberra was hit 24 times in less than two minutes and 84 of her crew were killed including Captain Frank Getting. All rights reserved. Published on August 10, 2020 by LEUT Tanalee Smith (author), LSIS Ryan Tascas (photographer) Commanding Officer HMAS Canberra, Captain Terry Morrison, DSM, RAN, lays a wreath to commemorate the sinking of HMAS Canberra (I) off Savo Island, Solomon Islands. HMAS CANBERRA (2) FFG-02 from the 21st of March 1981 until Decomissioning on the 12th of November 2005. Topic(s): HMAS Canberra (L02), HMAS Canberra (I), Battle of Savo Island Commanding Officer HMAS Canberra, Captain Terry Morrison, DSM, RAN, lays a wreath to commemorate the sinking of HMAS Canberra (I) off Savo … HMAS Canberra FFG 02 – History of the ship, maintained by a member of the frigate's commissioning crew; Dive the ex HMAS Canberra – Victorian Artificial Reef Society site regarding the acquisition and sinking of Canberra "ex HMAS Canberra Dive Site". The fate of Canberra itself was sealed a few hours later when orders were received that, if she could not be got underway again, she was to be sunk. The Guadalcanal Campaign. HMAS Canberra (L02) is the lead ship of the Canberra-class landing helicopter dock in service with the Royal Australian Navy (RAN). Published on 10 August 2020 LEUT Tanalee Smith (author), LSIS Ryan Tascas (photographer). As the battle ended, Canberra had been left a burning, drifting and listing hulk, Quincy was on the point of sinking, followed by Vincennes which finally capsized at 2.50. The fight for Guadalcanal went on for months, but ultimately the vital airfield stayed in allied hands. HMAS Canberra (II) was the second of six Adelaide Class guided missile frigates built for the Royal Australian Navy to the design of the American Oliver Hazard Perry Class. Originally presented by Dr Chris Clark on Friday, 9 August 2002 beside the Roll of Honour at the Memorial, as part of the Roll of Honour Talks series. The hull was then transported to Australia in late 2012 for completion by BAE Systems Australia. The loss of Canberra, coming after the wartime sinkings of the cruisers Sydney and Perth, was a severe blow to such a small navy as Australia possessed. This site is dedicated to all Royal Australian Navy and Australian Defence Force personnel who have served in HMAS CANBERRA. As the battle ended, Canberra had been left a burning, drifting and listing hulk, Quincy was on the point of sinking, followed by Vincennes which finally capsized at 2.50. Our collection contains a wealth of material to help you research and find your connection with the wartime experiences of the brave men and women who served in Australia’s military forces. The HMAS Canberra remains the largest Australian warship ever lost in battle. The light cruiser displaced 6,830 tons, was 169 metres long, and had a beam of 17.3 metres. On 7 August the Marines were put ashore on Guadalcanal and other nearby islands, under cover of a large naval force which included three aircraft carriers. IN the early hours of Friday morning, Prime Minister, the Honourable Manasseh Sogavare joined Australian High Commissioner, His Excellency Mr Roderick Brazier at a memorial service to mark the 77th anniversary of the sinking of the first HMAS Canberra. The Australian War Memorial acknowledges the traditional custodians of country throughout Australia. Following an order to abandon ship the Canberra was sunk the next day by a torpedo from a US destroyer. 2, Australian War Memorial, Canberra, 1957. We pay our respects to elders past and present. At the time of the action the Canberra had formed part of a US Navy-RAN force screening American transports during the landing operations of US marines at Guadalcanal, which begun on 7 August 1942. One enemy shell had struck the radio room, preventing the sending of a warning message to other ships that had been ordered. During the afternoon of 8 August, a Japanese task force commanded by Vice Admiral Gunichi Mikawa and consisting of five cruisers and a destroyer began to approach the south of Savo Island, with the intention to attack the naval force supporting the landing at Guadalcanal, then those at Tulagi. Shortly before 1 a.m. on 9 August the Japanese ships were preparing to sweep around the southern side of Savo Island in a single column four and a half miles long, moving at a speed of 24 knots. The commander of the Japanese Eighth Fleet at Rabaul, Vice-Admiral Gunichi Mikawa, immediately assembled a striking force of five heavy cruisers, two light cruisers and one destroyer, and sailed towards the southern end of the Solomon Island chain with the intention of causing maximum disruption and damage to the allied operation. 2020 Use this login for Shop items, and image, film, sound reproductions, Sinking of HMAS Canberra in Battle of Savo Island. 10 am to 5 pm daily (except Christmas Day), Get your ticket to visit: awm.gov.au/visit, Copyright Places of Pride, the National Register of War Memorials, is a new initiative designed to record the locations and photographs of every publicly accessible memorial across Australia. A failure of Allied intelligence and vigilance resulted in this screening force being surprised by a determined group of seven Japanese cruisers and a destroyer near Savo Island just before 2am on the morning of the 9 August 1942. It is one of the ironies of the event we are recalling that such carnage and tragedy should have come from what initially seemed an important allied success. Location(s): Savo Island, Solomon Islands. Thursday 7 November, 2019. This was similarly composed to the southern group, and comprised three American heavy cruisers - Vincennes, Astoria and Quincy - with accompanying destroyers. The featured photo shows HMAS Canberra pausing for a sunrise memorial near Savo Island, Solomon Islands, to commemorate the sinking of HMAS Canberra (I) at this location. Once the airfield was complete and brought into use, the Japanese would be able to extend their reach across the southern Pacific and put themselves astride the main routes of sea communication between Australia and its American ally. HMAS CANBERRA (1) D 33 from the 9th of July 1928 until she was sunk in action off Savo Island on the 9th of August 1942. Canberra was seconds away from opening fire, just as soon as an aiming point could be established in the dark, when she was hit with a torrent of shellfire from the Japanese at 1.44 am. Ordinarily it would also have included HMAS Australia, the flagship of the RAN's fleet commander, Rear Admiral Sir Victor Crutchley, but at this moment Australia was away delivering Crutchley to a commander's conference. Download the talk - 10:21 min (2.4 Mb Mp3). The presence of the allied cruisers, which included the RAN ships Australia and Hobart in addition to Canberra, was part of an operation intended to wrest back territory which Japan had earlier seized in its seemingly unstoppable campaign of conquest across Asia and the Pacific, begun just nine months before. The ship's commander, Captain Frank Getting, had been summoned from his sleeping quarters and gun teams called to their action stations. Damaged: destroyers USS Ralph Talbot and USS Patterson, Personnel: the RAN suffered 193 casualties (including 84 killed or died of wounds); US Navy suffered 1,593 casualties (including 939 killed or died of wounds), G Herman Gill, Royal Australian Navy, 1942–1945, Australia in the Wwr of 1939–1945, Series 2 - Navy, vol. During World War I they formed the Australian Destroyer Flotilla - HMA Ships HUON, PARRAMATTA, SWAN, WARREGO, YARRA and TORRENS. This day sixty years ago the Australian heavy cruiser HMAS Canberra was lost in action in the Solomon Islands, some eighteen hundred kilometres off the North Queensland coast. Recognising the strategic reality of the situation, the American Joint Chiefs of Staff began planning in July to make an early return to the Solomons, using the 1st Marine Division which was then in the process of moving to New Zealand. 2020 A wreath was laid by 31 year old Able Seaman Harold Watts, then serving in Australia, who as a young Ordinary Seaman had survived the sinking of the heavy cruiser in 1942. HMAS Canberra (FFG 02) was an Adelaide class guided missile frigate of the Royal Australian Navy (RAN). Sailing through a gap in the picket lines patrolled by US destroyers, the Japanese entered Ironbottom Sound and almost immediately came across one of two cruiser forces which had been positioned to deal with precisely the sort of threat which Mikawa's ships now posed. History HMAS TORRENS I (D67), named for the River Torrens, was a River class torpedo boat destroyer of the Royal Australian Navy (RAN), one of six built between 1909 and 1916. The survivors were transferred to American transports, Fuller and Barnett, which were better equipped to deal with hospital cases. During a ceremony on Wednesday in the Solomon Islands, Australian Navy personnel from HMAS Success, along with a group from the current HMAS Canberra laid wreaths over the wreck. Places of Pride, the National Register of War Memorials, is a new initiative designed to record the locations and photographs of every publicly accessible memorial across Australia. Australian War Memorial, Canberra. Our collection contains a wealth of material to help you research and find your connection with the wartime experiences of the brave men and women who served in Australia’s military forces. Use this login for Shop items, and image, film, sound reproductions, Remembering 1942: The Loss of HMAS Canberra. HMAS CANBERRA (1) D 33 from the 9th of July 1928 until she was sunk in action off Savo Island on the 9th of August 1942. 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