What did Franklin Roosevelt have to do in order to win the presidential election as a Democrat in 1932? The election of 1936. produced a new and enduring coalition of voters for the Democratic Party. This weakened Europe and contributed to the worldwide depression. Describe his rise to power and his political appeal. U.S. presidential election of 1936, American presidential election held on November 3, 1936, in which Democratic President Franklin D. Roosevelt won reelection, defeating Republican Alf Landon. What kind of solutions did the Brains Trust of the Roosevelt administration seek to the Great Depression? The New Deal appealed to farmers, urban voters, former Socialists, unions, African Americans, and southerners. In Feb. 1937, FDR proposed a court reform bill that would allow the president to appoint a new Supreme Court justice to serve alongside each member of the Court who had reached 70 years old and would not retire. Start studying Chapter 24 - The New Deal. 2. For what reason did President Roosevelt want to change the composition of the Supreme Court? (p. 511), Establish minimum pay for workers, initially set at 40 cents per hour. Let us all here assembled constitute ourselves prophets [dedicate ourselves to the development] of a new order of competence and courage." The Emergency Banking Act and the Glass-Steagall Banking Act both modified the American banking system to allow. 1936 Belgian general election; 1936 Bielsko municipal election ... at 21:24 (UTC). (p. 512), A severe drought in the early 1930s and poor farming practices led to the Oklahoma dust bowl. Flashcards. He felt that the actions of the Court against New Deal programs threatened the ability of Congress to act effectively in times of emergency. Fill in the Blanks. (p. 509), This labor union concentrated on organizing unskilled workers in the automobile, steel, and southern textile industries. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. (p. 508), He proposed a simple plan for guaranteeing a secure income for the elderly. (p. 506), A 1935 act that guaranteed a worker's right to join a union and a union's right to bargain collectively. Chapter 35. 1933-1939 . (p. 497), Consumers and businesses believed the economic boom was permanent so they increased borrowing, which later led to loan defaults and bank failures. (p. 513), Discrimination in the New Deal programs and competition for jobs forced thousands of Mexican Americans to return to Mexico. He needed the support of southern Democrats. Within three years the stock market would decline to one-ninth of its peak. Neutrality Act of 1936: If President proclaims war, Americans CANNOT make loans out to foreign nations: 340091734: Spanish Civil War (1936-1939) In 1936 a rebellion erupted in Spain after a coalition of Republicans, Socialists, and Communists was elected. • FDR promised a "new deal" for the American people, but his campaign was vague in explaining how he was. The government hoped to raise agricultural prices by reducing the supply of crops. The new Social Security tax had reduced consumer spending and at the same time Roosevelt had cut back government spending in hopes of balancing the budget. (p. 503), Roosevelt's secretary of labor, she was the first woman to serve in a president's cabinet. (p. 500), In June 1930, President Hoover signed into law the highest tariff rates in history, ranging from 31 to 49 percent. (p. 510), In 1938 this act established a minimum wage, a maximum standard workweek with extra pay for overtime, and child labor restrictions. (p. 503), President Franklin Roosevelt spoke on the radio to the American people. (p. 511), In the winter of 1937 the economy went into recession again. (p. 505), It insured bank loans for building new houses and repairing old ones. The Republicans chose Alfred M. Landon to run against President Roosevelt. 3. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. 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